A concussion is a brain injury that can’t be seen on routine X-rays, CT scans or MRIs. It affects the way a person may think and remember things, and can cause a variety of symptoms. Any blow to the head, face or neck, or a blow to the body that jars your head, could cause a concussion.


signs and symptoms

detailed explanation of concussion

what to do in the first few days after concussion?

Concussion Do's and Don'ts checklist from the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation.

Please note about the above image:


The Do's: I would like to note that even though this is a very good resource there is new research to show that starting with 15 minutes of light walking activity 24 hours after concussion, and not prolonging activity, can give you a better chance for recovery. 

The Don'ts: I would also like to note that though it may be good advice for some to reduce the use of electronic devices it is not the screens that are the issue. It is the overload of the visual system which occurs after concussion that you need to try to reduce. This overload causes reduced endurance and may bring on other symptoms. The cause of this overload may include reading books, trying to follow and take part in conversations, going into brightly light and busy environments and is not limited to electronic devices. 

resource links


Concussion Ed App
from Parachute

Parent and Caregivers Guide

Athletes Guide

Patients and their families Guide